Eid Al-Fitr

Eid al-Fitr (Arabic: عيد الفطر ‘Eid al-Fitr) is a Muslim feast which falls on the 1st of Shawwal in Hijri calendar. Because the determination of Shawwal 1 based on the circulation of the month, then the Eid falls on a different date each year when seen from the gregorian calendar. How to determine the 1 Syawal also vary, so may be there are some Muslims who celebrate it on a different gregorian calendar. On the 1st of Shawwal start at the end of the fasting month of Ramadan, and then celebrate Eid. Early morning is always performed Salat Eid (Eid prayers), salat Eid al-fitr in the field or even the highway (especially in big cities) if the area is not enough to accommodate worshipers worship. Ied in prayer before the priest did remind anyone who has not paid zakat fitrah, because if finished prayers ied its new pay zakat alms ordinary law is not charity. The law of the Eid Prayer is Sunnah mu’akkad. On the evening before and after the feast, Muslims sunnah to peal takbir. In Indonesia frequent prayer Minal ‘Aidin wal-Faizin, in fact it is the tradition of the people of Southeast Asia. According to most scholars speech is no based on the speech of the Prophet Muhammad. These words originally came from a poet in the Al-Andalus, which was named Shafiyuddin Al-Huli, when he brought the poem in the context about women in feast. There is sunnah to say greeting Taqaballahu minna waminkum (“May Allah accept our deeds and you”) or Taqabbalallahu minna wa waminkum ahalahullahu ‘alaik (“May Allah accept (good deeds) from us and from you all and may God perfected upon you” etc.”) Muslims in Indonesia make Eid as a major feast day, moment to regroup with family, especially families who for some reason, such as a job or marriage, must be separated. Starting two weeks before Eid, Muslims in Indonesia began to busy thinking about the celebration of this feast, the main thing is mudik, or Going Home, so the government was facilitated by improving the roads impassable. Eid al-Fitr in Indonesia is celebrated as a national holiday, which is celebrated by most people who are predominantly Muslim Indonesia. Typically, the determination of Eid is determined by the government, but some Islamic organizations to define that differently. Eid called Lebaran in Indonesia, where most of the people back home (mudik and balik) to celebrate with family. During the celebration, a variety of dishes served. The most popular dish in Eid celebrations in Indonesia is a ketupat, which is very familiar in Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei, and Singapore. For the children, usually the parents give money to their feast. During the celebration, people usually visit homes to neighbors or relatives to stay in touch, which is known as “halal bi-halal”, and forgiveness apologize to them. Some state officials also held an open house for people who want to stay in touch. In Malaysia, Singapore, and Brunei, Eid is also known as Hari Raya Puasa, Eid al-fitri or Hari Raya fitrah(disposition). People in Malaysia and Singapore also celebrate with Muslim communities around the world. As in Indonesia, the night before the celebration always shouted takbir in mosques or mosque, which reveals the victory and greatness of Allah, God Muslims. In village, usually a lot of people who turn on a lamp, or torch in Indonesian. Many banks, private and government offices closed during Eid celebrations until the end of the week. People here usually were saying “Selamat Hari Raya” or “Selamat IdulFitri” and “Apologize for emotional and physical” as an expression of apology to others. In Malaysia there is also a tradition balik kampung, or mudik in Indonesia. Here also there is the tradition of giving money from parents to children, which is known as the highway money. Muslims are a minority in the Philippines, so most people are not so familiar with this celebration. However, Eid is set up as a national holiday by the government under Republic Act No.. 9177 and valirom 13 November 2002.


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